HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT

Family Arecaceae
Saribus rotundifolius (Lam.) Blune
Yuan ye pu kui

Scientific names Common names
Corypha rotundifolia Lam. Anahaw (Tag.)
Licuala rotundifolia (Lam.) Blume Bulos (Bik.)
Livistona altissima Zoll. Luyong (Tag.)
Livistona microcarpa Becc. Payoong-payong (Benguet)
Livistona mindorensis Becc. Anahaw palm (Engl.)
Livistona robinsoniana Becc. Fan palm (Engl.)
Livistona rotundifolia (Lam.) Mart. Footstool fan (Engl.)
Livistona rotundifolia var. luzonensis Becc. Java fan palm (Engl.)
Saribus rotundifolius (Lam.) Blume Round-leaf fountain palm (Engl.)
  Table fan (Engl.)
Saribus rotundifolius (Lam.) Blume is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Yuan ye pu kui, Gao bei pu kui.
FRENCH: Palmieer évantail de Java.
GERMAN: Livistonie, Waldpalme, Serdang-Schirmpalme, Fächer-palme.
ITALIAN: Palma parasole.
MALAYSIAN: Sadeng, Serdang, Serdang daun bulat.
NORWEGIAN: Dronningpalmae.
PORTUGUESE: Palmeira-leque.
SPANISH: Palmere de hoja redonda, Palmera de escabel, Palma de escabel.
THAI: Paam chawa, Paam yawa.

Gen info
- Saribus rotundifolius belongs to the genus Saribus that contains about 28 known species.
- Considered the "unofficial" National Leaf of the Philippines.

Anahaw is a round-leaf fountain palm, medium-sized to large, growing between 18-27 meters high, with a slender solitary trunk about 20-25 centimeters in diameter, bearing prominent leaf scars, and clothed with beautiful grayish woven fibers in the upper part below the crown. Spiny stalks support rounded, dark, glossy green leaf blades, divided into many linear, rigid, notched lobes, held on 2-meter long shiny petioles, the leaves becoming more divided as they get older. Panicles of cream flowers in the summer are followed by spherical, bright orange-red to red drupes, 1.5-2 centimeters across, that ripen to black.

- Native to Southeast Asia: Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Java, Moluccas.
- Popular landscaping plant.
- Cultivated as an ornamental all over the world in tropical and subtropical countries.

- Phytochemical screening yielded saponins +++, phlobatannins +, tannins ++, anthraquinones +. cardiac glycosides ++, terpenes +++, alkaloids +, flavonoids +, deoxysugars +, phenols + (+++high, ++moderate, + trace). (1)

- Studies have suggest antioxidant and antibacterial properties.

Parts used


- The bud is highly esteemed as a vegetable.
- Nuts are eaten young and green.
- In Benguet, leaves are crushed and applied on fresh wounds. (4)
- Decoction of leaves used to treat diarrhea. (4)
Leaves are used for thatching and wrapping foods.
- Flowers pollinated by bees; fruits attract frugivorous birds.

Antioxidant / Antimmicrobial:
Study evaluated three palm nuts (Livistonia chinensis, Saribus rotundifolius, and Areca catechu) for phytochemical content and antioxidant activity. The mature fruits were peeled and the seeds were sun-dried after which the endocarpss were removed to obtain the kernels. In the DPPH radical assay, a 2.0 mg/ml dose of S. rotundifolius exhibited 90.40% inhibition compared to standard ascorbic acid at 92.32%. On antioxidant evaluation by iron chelating ability, S. rotundifolium showed 65.0% inhibition compared to ascorbic acid with 71.3%. All the extracts exhibited significant concentration dependent antimicrobial activity. S. rotundifolius leaf extract inhibited the growth of E. coli, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa and S. typhi. (see constituents above) (1)
• Anahaw as Fiber Source for NFRP Composites: Study reports on the use of anahaw as a fiber source for reinforced polymer composites compared to traditional fiber reinforced plastics. The measured stiffness and modulus of the treated anahaw fiber-reinforced composite was found comparable to thos of commercially available particle boards and fiber boards. (5)

- Cultivated.
- Seeds in the cybermarket.

January 2019

IMAGE SOURCE: / Illustration: Saribus rotundifolius as synonym Livistonia altissima / Louis van Houtte / Botanicus / Public Domain / Wikipedia
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Photograph: File: Saribus rotundifolius fruit / 31 May 2017 / Malcolm Manners / Lakeland, FL, USA / Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 / click on image to go to source page / Wikimedia Commons
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Photograph / Leaves: File: Livistona rotundifolius / © Paresh Chun / Mahim, Mumbai City, Maharashtra, India / 10.05.2015 / click on image to go to source page / Butterflies of India

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Phytoconstituents, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Livistona chinensis (Jacquin), Saribus rotundifolius (Lam.) Blume and Areca catechu Linnaeus Nuts / Emmanuel E. Essien, Bassey S. Antia, Esangubong I. Etuk / Pharmaceutical and Biosciences Journal / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20510/ukjpb/5/i1/147026
Saribus rotundifolius / Synonyms / The Plant List
Sorting Livingstonia names / /Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright © 1995 - 2020 / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The Univers ity of Melbourne. Australia.
Ethnomedicinal Plants in Bayabas, Sablan, Benguet Province, Luzon, Philippines
/ Teodora D Balangcod, Kryssa D Balangcod / Electronic Journal of Biology, 2015; 11(3): pp 63-73
Mechanical Properties of NFRP Composites using Anahaw (Saribus rotundifolius) Fibers Treated with Sodium Alginate /
Terence Tumovla, J K R Vito, J C R Ragasa, Renz Marion Clamor de la Cruz / 2016 International Conference on Material and Chemical Engineering (MACE 2016)

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT