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Family Combretaceae
Terminalia microcrpa Decne.


Scientific names Common names
Myrobalanus microcarpa Kuntze                Unresolved Alupi (Ibn.) 
Terminalia microcarpa Decne                     Unresolved Anagep (Ilk.) 
Terminalia sericocarpa F.Muell.                  Bajo (Tagb.) 
  Balisayin (Tag.) 
  Bango (Mbo.) 
  Baraus (Tagb.) 
  Basal (Tag.) 
  Basi (Itn.)
  Bisi (Gad.) 
  Buluang (Bis.) 
  Dalinson (Tag.) 
  Disi (Gad.) 
  Gayumayen (Sbl.)
  Gisit (Itn.) 
  Kalamai (Tag.) 
  Kalantit (Ilk.) 
  Kalaotit (Gad.)
  Kalomagon (Bik.) 
  Kalomaog (P. Bis.) 
  Kalumagon (Bik.) 
  Kalumangog (Bik.) 
  Kalumanog (P. Bis.)  
  Kalumpit (Tag., Sbl.) 
  Kalupi (Neg., Ign.) 
  Kalupit (Ilk., Neg.) 
  Kalurig (Ibn.) 
  Kalusit (Ibn.) 
  Kamaris (Tagb.)
  Kamaris (Tagb.) 
  Kotmok (Bik.) 
  Lumangog (S. L. bis.) 
  Magtalisai (P. Bis.) 
  Taya-taya (P. Bis.) 
  Batangas cherry (Engl.) 
  Damson plum (Engl.)
Quisumbing's information on Kalumpit provides Terminali edulis as scientific name, while other compilation provide Terminalis microcarpa as scienfific name.
Terminalia microcarpa Decne. is an unresolved name The Plant List
Terminalia edulis Blanco is an accepted name. No synonyms are recorded for this name. The Plant List
The Australian Plant Census regards Terminalia sericocarpa as a synonym of Terminalia microcarpa.
The information and studies in this entry are those attributed to Terminalia microcarpa.

Other vernacular names
AUSTRALIA: Bandicoot, Soverign wood, Damson.
INDONESIA: Dalumpit, Kelumpit.

Gen info
- Terminalia microcarpa was formally described in 1834 by French botanist Joseph Decaisne.
- In the Australian Plant Census, Terminalia seriocarpa F. Muell is regarded as a synonym of Terminalia microcarpa.

Kalumpit is a tree growing to a height of 25 meters and a diameter of 1 meter. Bark is black, hard, and fissured. Leaves are 6 to 15 centimeters long, smooth, and pointed at both ends. Flowers are small, yellowish-white, on slender spikes growing from the axil of the leaves. Fruit is about 3 to 5 centimeters wide, smooth, and dark red when ripe, fleshy and sour.

- Very common and widely distributed in primary forests at low altitudes from northern Luzon to southern Mindanao.
- Occurs in Indonesia, Malaysia
, Australia, and Papua New Guinea.

- Bark contains tannin, 42%.
- Study of air-dried leaves isolated squalene (1) lutein (2), and fatty alcohols.
- Phytochemical screening of leaves yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids/terpenoids, gallic tannins and cathecic tannins.

- Tree is a source of nectar for insects and birds.

Parts used

Edibility / Nutritional
- Fruit are edible, eaten raw or made into preserves
- Fruit has a thin flesh which is sucked from the seed.
- Used to sweeten and age lambanog (coconut liquer)
; also, used for making wine.

- Fruit is used in eyewashes as the fruit of aroma – Acacia farnesiana.
- Fruit lotion also used in humid herpetism or eczema.
Tannin: Used for making tannin extract or for direct use in leather tannery.
- Fodder: Leaves used as cattle fodder.
- Wood: Used for light construction.

α-Glucosidase Inhibition:
In a study of Terminalia species for α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, T. microcarpa showed an IC50 value of 25.15 ± 0.04 µg mL-1, compared to Terminalia kaerbacchii with the most active inhibition with 0.27 ±0.17 µg/ml. The reference compound, 1-deoxynojirimycinm, has an IC50 value of approximately 5 µg mL. (3)
Constituents Inhibition: Dichlormethane extract of air-dried leaves yielded squalene, lutein, and fatty alcohols. Previous studies have shown squalene to significantly suppress colonic ACF formation and crypt multiplicity suggesting chemopreventive activity against colon carcinogenesis. It has also shown cardioprotective effect related to inhibition of lipid accumulation via hypolipidemic and antioxidant mechanisms. (2)


Updated April 2020 / October 2016

Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Terminalia sericocarpa=Terminalia microcarpa / James Cook University: Australia
Chemical constituents of Terminalia microcarpa Decne / Consolacion Y. Ragasa , Oscar B. Torres , Emelina H. Mandia , and Chien-Chang Shen / Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2014, 6(6): pp 439-442
a-Glucosidase Inhibitor Activity of Terminalia Species / K Anam, R M Widharna and D kusrini / International Journal of Pharmacology 5 (4): 277-280 (2009) / DOI : 10.3923/ijp.2009.277.280
Terminalia microcarpa / Synonyms / The Plant List
Terminalia microcarpa / IT1Me

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

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