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Family Euphobiaceae
Endospermum peltatum Merr.

Scientific names Common names
Endospermum peltatum Merr. Amiang (Tag.)
Endospermum philippinense Elmer ex Merr. Baubau (Ibn.)
  Bayang (Mbo., Mand.)
  Biluang (Bik.)
  Binoang (Tag.)
  Binuang (Tag.)
  Ginabang (Ig.)
  Gubas (Tag.)
  Indang (Tag.)
  Kabal (Tag.)
  Magabong (Mag.)
  Malasabon (Tag.)
  Malibubuk (Mbo.)
  New Guinea basswood (Engl.)
  Sesendok (Engl.)
Endospermum peltatum Merr. is the preferred name. Species 2000 & Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Other vernacular names
BRUNEI: Takaliu.
INDONESIAN: Kejo luk long, Sendok-sendok.
MALAY: Buah icras.

Gubas is a large forest tree, 10 to 25 meters high. Leaves are crowded at the ends of the twigs, elliptic or broadly ovate to somewhat rounded, 15 to 20 centimeters long, 10 to 18 centimeters wide, entire, and deeply cordate at the base. Inflorescence is axillary, nearly as long as the petioles, and densely hairy. Male flowers are whitish and densely clustered along the short paniculate branches. Female flowers are borne in spicate racemes. Fruits is smooth, ovoid, fleshy, about 1 centimeter thick and containing 1 to 4 seeds.

- In primary forests at low altitudes in Cagayan, Benguet, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, and Sorsogon Provinces in Luzon; in Mindoro; and in Mindanao.
- Also found in Peninsular Thailand, the Andaman Islands, Borneo, northern Sulawesi.

Alternative, depurative, antidiarrheal.

Parts used
Bark, leaves.


- Seeds reported to be edible.
- Edible oil obtained from seeds.
- Poultice of fresh leaves applied to abdomen in diarrhea.
- Decoction of bark taken internally; considered an effective depurative and alterative.
- Wood: In Polillo, the soft wood used for making furniture, boxes, splints, matches and shoes. Spiral shavings of the wood used as core material in the manufacture of wood panels (placarol).

No studies found.


Updated October 2018 / September 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / Euphorbiaceae : Endospermum peltatum det. John Rey Callado/ Habit / Copyright © 2012 by P.B. Pelser & J.F. Barcelona (contact: pieter.pelser@canterbury.ac.nz) [ref. DOL51889] / Non-Commercial Use / Click on image to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Uses of trees and plants in the Polillo Islands / polillo.mampam
Endospermum peltatum / AgroForestryTree Database
Endospermum peltatum / Synonyms / Species 2000 & Catalogue of Life: 2-13

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