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Family Malvaceae
Grewia multiflora
Guang ye bian dan gan

Scientific names Common names
Grewia didyma Roxb. ex G.Don        Dalaw (Benguet)
Grewia jinghongensis Y.Y.Qian     Danglin (Tagalog)
Grewia multiflora Juss.        Serrulate-leaved grewia (Engl.)
  Two-lobed crossberry (Engl.)
Grewia multiflora Juss. is an accepted species. KEW: Plants of the World Online
Some compilations list Grewia serrulata DC., G. glabra, G. laevigata as a synonyms, along with confusing sharing of common names and attribution of studies.
Danglin is a local name shared by Canavalia cathartica (Silky sea bean) and Grewia multiflora (Dalaw).

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Guang ye bian dan gan.
INDIA: Kukurshita, Kukur-huta (Assamese), panisara (Bengali), Bhansuuli, Kakki, Kaori, Kathbhemmal, Phirsan (Hindi), Gurguri, Javanigale, Kadu patang, Kayori, Murige,  Sanna salli (Kannada),  Anakkottimaram (Malayalam), Bhimal (Nepali),  Anaikatti maram (Tamil), Potriki, Tegali (Telugu).

Gen info
- Grewia is a large flowering plant genus in the mallow family Malevolence.
- The genus was named by Carl Linnaeus in honor of the English botanist Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712), whose study of pollen laid the groundwork for modern-day palynology. (4)

Grewia multiflora is a shrub or small tree. Branchlets sparsely stellate, glabrescent. Stipule filiform, 1-1.5 × ca. 0.1 cm, caducous; petiole 6-8 mm, tomentose; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate, 7-17 × 2.5-4.5 cm, papery, glabrous or very sparsely hairy adaxially, hairs simple and stellate, in vein axils, lateral basal veins to 1/2 as long as leaf blade, lateral veins 5-6 pairs, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, margin serrulate, apex long acuminate. Cymes 2-3 in axils, 3-flowered; peduncle slender, 1.2-2.5 cm. Pedicel 1-1.2 cm, sparsely stellate. Bracts subulate, ca. 4 mm. Sepals ca. 1.3 × 0.3-0.5 cm, densely yellow-brown pubescent abaxially. Petals ca. 3 mm. Androgynophore 2-4 mm. Drupe 4-lobed, glabrous; exocarp not separating. (Flora of China)

- Native to the Philippines. (1)
- Common in thickets and secondary forests.
- Native to Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam. (2)

Parts used
Leaves, bark.


- Fruit is edible.
- In Benguet, Philippines, used for tongue ailments.
- Manobo and Mamanwa tribes of Surigao del Sur, Philippines, use soaked bark for teething. (3)
- Ethnoveterinary: In India, leaf paste applied to bone cracked area, tying up with cloth, cotton, and bamboo sticks for 3-5 days. (5)

- Wood: Due to small size, wood of Grewia species is generally used for making small articles where toughness is required, such as tool handles, shafts of golf clubs, bows, pestles, shingles, and billiard cues. (6)
- Fiber: Bark is a source of fiber, used for making rope.

No studies found.


September 2023

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Grewia multiflora - flowering branch / Copyright © 2012 by P B Pelser & J F Barcelona teve.B. (contact: pieter.pelser@canterbury.ac.nz) [ref. DOL42444] / Non-Commercial Use / click on image or link to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Grewia multiflora fruits / John Tann   / Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic / click on image or link to go to source page / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Grewia multiflora /  Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines
Grewia multiflora / KEW: Plants of the World Online

Ethnopharmacological documentation and molecular authentication of medicinal plants used by the Manobo and Mamanwa tribes of Surigao del Sur, Philippines / Vince Adrian D Ilagan, Grecebio Jonathan D Alejandro, Freddie A Blasco et al / BIODIVERSITAS, 2022; 23(6): pp 3185-3202 / pISSN: 1412-033X / eISSN: 2085-4722 / DOI: 10.13057/biodiv.d230646
Grewia / Wikipedia
Ethnoveterinary plants used by different ethnic groups of Kamrup Rural district of Assam, India / Selim Mehmud / International Journal of Applied Research, 2017; 3(3): pp 308-310 / pISSN: 2394-7500 / eISSN: 2394-5869
Plus and Mother Trees in Mt. Banahaw de Lucban, Quezon, Philippines / Kathreena G Engay-Gutierrez, Eraldwin A Dimailig, Jenny M Yacon / JESAM: Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 2022; 25(2): pp 35-50 / ISSN 0119-1144

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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