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Family Melastomataceae
Medinilla pendula Merr.

Scientific names Common names
Medinilla elmeri Merr.            Agubangbang (Igorot)
Medinilla gitingensis Elmer            Balanban (Igt.)
Medinilla merrillii Merr.            Ballangbang (Igt.)
Medinilla pendula Merr.            Gubangbang (Igt.)
Medinilla subsessilis Merr.            Chandelier medinilla (Engl.)
  Pendulous medinilla (Engl.)
Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) Voss is an accepted name. KEW: Plants of the World Online

Gen info
- The genus Medinilla has about 400 species worldwide with about 80 species in the Philippines, widely distributed in the archipelago. (6)
- The genus Medinilla was named after J. de Medinilla, governor of the Mariana Islands in 1820.
- An understudied plant.

• Medinilla pendula is a small tropical evergreen shrub   or liana growing 1 to 1.5 meters. Leaves are oval, deep green, glossy, deeply veined, bearing large pendulous grape-like clusters of pink flowers. Flowers are pink and five-petaled. Flowers are followed by purple berries. Seed is small and black. Seedling has two cotyledons.

- Native to the Philippines.

- Fruit contains flavonoids, alkaloids, steroids, saponins, and polyphenols.
- Phytochemical analysis of fresh leaves yielded saponins and phenolic compounds. (5)
- Study revealed a flavonoid content 37.41 mg QE/ 100 g fw. (2)
- Phytochemical screening of fruit yielded alkaloid, steroids, flavonoids, saponins, and polyphenols with absence of tannins and anthraquinones. (2)

Parts used


- Fruits are edible.
- In the Cordillera region, leaves are eaten.
- Used as garnish.
- in Benguet, decoction of leaves drunk for for treatment of coughs, cold, and flu. (5)
- Used as forage.

DPPH testing of ethanolic leaf extract showed low antioxidant activity with IC50 of 255.363 µg/ml. (3)

- Wild-crafted.
- Cultivated.

Nov 2023

                                                 PHOTOS / ILLUSTRATIONS
IMAGE SOURCE: Melastomataceae / Medinilla pendula / Infuctescences and leaves / Copyright © 2013 by D L Nickrent (contact: dn277@cornell.edu) [ref. DOL74301] / Non-Commercial Use / image modified / click on image or link to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Medinilla pendula / KEW: Plants of the World Online
Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity of Edible Wild Fruits in Benguet, Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines / Racquel Barcelo /Electronic Journal of Biology, 2015; 11(3): pp 80-89
Evaluation of DPPH Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Selected Folkloric Medicinal Plants in Tinoc, Ifugao, Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines / M A C Galvez / International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2015; 5(12) / ISSN: 2250-3153
Herbs from Distant Lands / Polska wesja: Adam F Arseniuk
Phytochemical Analysis of Selected Indigenous  Medicinal Plants in Quirino Province, Cagayan Valley, Philippines / Annalene Grace E Co, Fhrizz S de Jesus / IJRASET / ISSN: 2321-9653
Phenetic Analysis of Eighteen Species of Philippine Medinilla Gaudich. (Melastomataceae) Based on Morphological Characteristics and Phenolic Profile / Antonio L Rayos Jr, Lourdes B Cardenas et al / Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology, 2015; Vol 10

DOI: It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants
                                          New plant names needed
The compilation now numbers over 1,400 medicinal plants. While I believe there are hundreds more that can be added to the collection, they are becoming more difficult to find. If you have a medicinal plant to suggest for inclusion, native or introduced, please email the info: local plant name (if known), any known folkloric medicinal use, scientific name (most helpful), and, if possible, a photo. Your help will be greatly appreciated.

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