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Family Moraceae
Ficus variegata Blume

Za se rong

Scientific names Common names
Covellia racemifera (Roxb.) Miq. Agi (Yak.)
Ficus amboinensis Kostel. Banakal (Bag.)
Ficus cerifera Blume Basikong (Bag.)
Ficus cordifolia Blume Duoyog (P. Bis.)
Ficus domestica Zipp. ex Miq. Dudang (Sul.)
Ficus ehretioides F.Muell. ex Benth. Dudu (Ig.)
Ficus garciae Elmer Kayahan (Ayta/Pamp.)
Ficus glochidiifolia Hayata Lansones matsin (Tag.)
Ficus integrifolia Elmer Laptai (Tag.)
Ficus konishii Hayata Lapting (Ilk.)
Ficus latsonii Elmer Ligtug (Bon.)
Ficus paucinervia Merr. Lita (Ibn.)
Ficus racemifera Roxb. Payahan (Sbl.)
Ficus subopaca Miq. Rayaraya (Tag.)
Ficus subracemosa Blume Tabgon (Bik.)
Ficus sum Gagnep. Tañgisang-bayauak (Sbl.,Tag.)
Ficus sycomoroides Miq. Tubol (Pang.)
Ficus teninbrensis S.Moore Common red stem fig (Engl.)
Ficus variegata Blume Red stem fig (Engl.)
Ficus viridicarpa Corner Variegated fig (Engl.)
  Variegated rubber plant (Engl.)
Ficus variegata Blume is an accepted name. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Za se rong.

Tangisang-bayauak is a tall, spreading tree, with pale bark. Leaves are broadly or elliptic-ovate, 10 to 17 centimeters long, the base rounded, notched or heart-shaped and the tip tapering to a point, with the margins entire, subexpanded or toothed. Receptacles are about 1 centimeter in diameter, red when ripe, and clustered on long branches.

- Common in primary forests at low and medium altitudes from Cagayan to Sorsogon in Luzon, in Palawan and Mindanao.
- Also occurs in the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago and in southern China.

- Various dried bark extracts yielded sugar, protein, alkaloids, flavonoids, sterols, and glycosides.

Parts used
Leaves, bark, latex.


- In Java the young shoot-tips and young fruits are eaten raw or cooked.
- Fruit used as food by the Ayta people of Pampanga.
- Latex used as food additive in palm starch.
- In the Philippines fresh leaves are applied as topical in boils.
- In Malaya, the bark, reportedly sweet, is chewed or used in decoction for dysentery.
- Latex of the bark used as a coat over wounds.
- In Pakistan, paste prepared from fresh milky juice of the plant mixed with milk is applied to boils and affected skin three times daily. (1)
- Wax: Source of wax used in Batik work.
- Wood: Low quality; used for temporary construction, mouldings, claddings, drawers, crates, floats, and knife sheaths.

Antioxidant / Antiacetylcholine Esterase Potential / Aerial Parts:
Study evaluated the antioxidant and enzyme inhibition potential of various extracts and fractions of aerial parts of three selected plants viz. C. erectus, Ficus variegata, and F. maclellandii. All the extracts and fractions contained reasonable amounts of phenolic compounds. The chloroform leaf extract of F. variegata was the most active in total antioxidant capacity (TAC). All the extracts showed significant enzyme inhibition activity. (5)
Antioxidant / Stem Bark:
In a study of plants for antioxidant activity by DPPH assay, Ficus variegata stem bark exhibited 91% inhibition.


Updated December 2019 / June 2016

Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: Public Domain / File:Ficus variegata.JPG / WingkLee / Wikipedia
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Illustration / Common Red Stemmed Fig (Ficus variegata) / The William Farquhar Collection of Natural History Drawings / Reminiscence
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Herbal medicines used to cure various ailments by the inhabitants of Abbottabad district, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan / Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Mir Ajab Khan et al / Indian Journ of Traditional Knowledge, Vol 9(1), January 2010, pp 175-183
Ficus variegata Blume / Synonyms / The Plant List
Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of medicinal plants used by the Bentian tribe from Indonesia
/ Irawan Wijaya Kusuma, Murdiynato, Enos Tangke Arung, Syafrizal, Yong-ung Kim / Food Science and Human Wellness, Sept-Dec 2014; 3(3-4): pp 191-196 / https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fshw.2014.12.004
Ficus variegata / Ken Fern / Useful Tropical Plants
Antioxidant and antiacetylcholine esterase potential of aerial parts of Conocarpus erectus, Ficus variegata and Ficus maclellandii. / Eaza MA, Anwar F, Shahwar D, Majeed A, Mumtaz MW et al / Pak J Pharm Sci., 2016 Mar; 29(2):4 pp 89-95 / PMID: 27087094

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier)

                                                            List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants

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